ISCA 2018 Tutorial
Grand Challenges and Research Tools for Quantum Computing
June 2, 1-5:30pm
Quantum computing is at an inflection point, where 50-qubit (quantum bit) machines have been built, 100-qubit machines are just around the corner, and even 1000-qubit machines are perhaps only a few years away. These machines have the potential to fundamentally change our concept of what is computable and demonstrate practical applications in areas such as quantum chemistry, optimization, and quantum simulation.
Yet a significant resource gap remains between practical quantum algorithms and near-term machines. Software and architectures are what are needed to increase the efficiency of algorithms and machines and close this gap. There is a urgent shortage of the necessary computer scientists to work on closing this gap (there are over 60 public and private companies trying to hire in this area).
This tutorial will outline the grand research challenges in closing this gap, including programming language design, software and hardware verification, defining and perforating abstraction boundaries, cross-layer optimization, managing parallelism and communication, mapping and scheduling computations, reducing control complexity, machine-specific optimizations, and many more. Some of these challenges can be approached with minimal quantum computing background and some will require greater depth.
We will introduce the basic concepts and resources to enable researchers to begin to delve into these challenges. We will also introduce quantum algorithms of near-term significance.
Finally, we will provide an overview and hands-on experience with an end-to-end set of software tools from a high-level programming language to running experiments on cloud-access IBM quantum machines. These tools will be a combination of the Scaffold Quantum Programming Language/Compiler and the IBM QISkit tools and interfaces.
This tutorial will be highly interactive. Participants will install our tools and work with code examples running on real quantum hardware at IBM, all organized within Jupyter notebooks, throughout the afternoon.
- 1:00 - 1:15 Install Tutorial Software
- 1:15 - 1:45 Research Challenges in Quantum Computing (Fred Chong)
- 1:45 - 2:30 Introduction to Quantum Algorithms (Peter Shor)
- 2:30 - 2:45 Break
- 2:45 - 3:30 Using Compilers and Toolflows for QC Arch Research (Margaret Martonosi)
- 3:30 - 4:00 Break
- 4:00 - 4:30 Quantum Chemistry Applications (Ken Brown)
- 4:30 - 5:30 Introduction to QISKit and Run Code on a Real Machine (Ali Javadi-Abhari)
- Fred Chong (UChicago) -- co-author of the Scaffold compiler and simulation tools for quantum computing and a synthesis lecture on quantum computing for computer architects.
- Margaret Martonosi (Princeton) -- co-author of the Scaffold compiler and simulation tools for quantum computing and member of the NASEM (National Academies) study committee on feasibility and implications of Quantum Computing
- Ali Javadi-Abhari (IBM Research) -- co-author of the Scaffold compiler and simulation tools for quantum computing and researcher for IBM's QISkit quantum computing tools and cloud access to IBM's prototype machines.
- Peter Shor (MIT) -- Known for his work on quantum computation, in particular for devising Shor's algorithm, a quantum algorithm for factoring exponentially faster than the best currently-known algorithm running on a classical computer.
- Ken Brown (Duke) -- Leading researcher in the control of quantum systems for both understanding the natural world and developing new technologies. His current research areas are the development of robust quantum computers and the study of molecular properties at cold and ultracold temperatures.
- Keynote at HPCA '18: Margaret Martonosi is giving a keynote titled, "What is the role of Architecture and Software Researchers on the Road to Quantum Supremacy?"
- Keynote at ASPLOS '18: Fred Chong is giving a keynote titled, "Quantum Computing is Getting Real: Architecture, PL, and OS roles in Closing the Gap between Quantum Algorithms and Machines."